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Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)
---Synonyms---Black elder, black-berried European elder, boor tree, bountry, elder, ellanwood, ellhorn, European elder, German Elder, elderberry
Parts Used: root, bark, young shoots, leaves, flowers, fruit
Active Compounds: The flavonoids, including quercetin, are believed to account for the therapeutic effects of the elderberry flowers and berries.
According to laboratory research, an extract from the leaves, combined with St. john's wort and soapwort, inhibits the influenza virus and herpes simplex virus.
A study in humans determined that an extract of elderberries is an effective treatment for influenza. Animal studies have shown the flowers to have anti-inflammatory properties.
---Medicinal Action and Uses---Elderberry is useful for: