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Hardock Arctium lappa

 

Family: Compositae Alias

---Synonyms---Bardana, burr seed, clotbur, cocklebur, grass burdock, hardock, hareburr, hurrburr, turkey burrseed, Burdock

Parts Used: root, seed, leaves

Active Compounds:  Hardock root contains high amounts of insulin and mucilage. This may explain its soothing effects on the gastrointestinal tract. Bitter constituents in the root may also explain the traditional use of burdock to improve digestion. It also contains polyacetylenes that have been shown to have anti-microbial activity. Hardock root and fruit also have the ability to slightly lower blood sugar (hypoglycemic effect). Even though test-tube and animal studies have indicated some anti-tumor activity for burdock root, these results have not been duplicated in human studies.

---Medicinal Action and Uses---

Antibiotic, antifungal, diaphoretic, diuretic, mild laxative, antipyretic

Beneficial in treating:

acne
psoriasis
rheumatoid arthritis

A root decoction of hardock has been reported useful in the treatment of gout, rheumatism, and dropsy. Externally, the leaves have been applied for benign skin tumors and in the treatment of knee joint swellings unresponsive to other medicines. Hardock poultices have been used in the treatment of gout, severe bloody bruises and burns.

Recent scientific experiments have shown that hardock root extracts is a diuretic and inhibited tumors in animals. Extracts also lowered blood sugar and have estrogenic activity. It also has antibacterial and antifungal properties. The active antibacterial compound is identified as lactone.

The experiments show that hardock has potential in treatment of female complaints, in diabetes, and for bacterial or fungal infection.

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