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Red Sage  Salvia officinalis

Family: Labiateae

---Synonyms---Red Sage, Garden Sage, Sage, purple top sage

--Parts Used---Leaves

Active Compounds:

Volatile oil, containing a and b-thujone as the major components, with cineole, borneol, camphor, 2-methyl-3-methylene-5-heptene and others

Diterpene bitters; picrosalvin (= carnosol), carnosolic acid and others

Flavonoids; salvigenin, genkwanin, 6-methoxygendwanin, hispidulin, luteolin

Phenolic acids; rosmarinic, caffeic, labiatic etc.

Salviatannin, a condensed catechin

---Medicinal Actions and Uses---

Carminative, anti-spasmodic, anti-microbial, astringent, anti-inflammatory, sudorific, expectorant, tonic, aromatic, nervine, vermifuge, emmenagogue, diuretic, stimulant, diaphoretic, stomachic, antiseptic.

Red Sage is the classic remedy for inflammations of the mouth, throat and tonsils, its volatile oils soothing the mucous membranes. Used as a mouth wash for inflamed and bleeding gums (gingivitis), inflamed tongue (glossitis) or generalized mouth inflammation (stomatitis). An excellent remedy in mouth ulcers (apthae). As a gargle it will aid in the treatment of laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and quinsy. A valuable carminative used in dyspepsia. It reduces sweating when taken internally and may be used to reduce the production of breast milk. As a compress it promotes the healing of wounds. Red Sage stimulates the muscles of the uterus and so should be avoided during pregnancy.

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