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Willow Salix spp
---Synonyms--- Willow, White Willow
--Parts Used--- Bark
Phenolic glycosides; salicin, picein and triandrin, with esters of salicylic acid and salicyl alcohol, acetylated salicin, salicortin and salireposide
Miscellaneous; tannins, catechin, p-coumaric acid and flavonoids
Actions : Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, tonic.
The glycoside salicin, from which the body can split off salicylic acid, is the basis of the anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects of willow. The analgesic actions of willow are typically slow-acting but last longer than standard aspirin products. The bark is also high in tannins, suggesting that it may be of some use in gastrointestinal conditions. However, excessive use may also cause nausea and diarrhea.